In this case, the service was cut off. If someone tries to sabotage the everyday activities, administration, or organization by flooding it with too much Internet traffic, it’s called a “DoS” or “DDoS” attack.
DoS attacks make a lot of noise by sending bad traffic from a single machine, usually a PC. They can be effortless to do. A simple ping flood attack can be made by sending more ICMP (ping) requests to a designated server than it can process and answer quickly.
At the same time, DDoS attacks use more than one machine to send harmful traffic to their target. Often, these machines are part of a botnet, a group of computers or other devices that have been infected with malware and can be controlled from afar by one person. Individual DDoS attackers can work together to send traffic from their PCs in different situations.
People who use the Internet now are more likely to be attacked by DDoS attacks. In the first place, today’s security tools are better at stopping some DoS attacks that used to happen. Second, DDoS attack tools have become much smaller and easier to use.
1. Mirai Botnet
Devices with ARC processors become “zombies” or “bots” when they get infected with Mirai malware, which turns them into a group of “zombies.” This group of bots called a “botnet,” is often used to send out DDoS attacks. Malware, which stands for “malicious software,” is an umbrella term that includes computer worms, viruses, Trojan horses, rootkits, spyware, and other types of malicious software, such as malware.
How Mirai Works
Mirai looks through the Internet to see if any IoT gadgets suddenly need a processor called the ARC. This processor runs a stripped-down version of the Linux operating system, which is what it does. If the default username and secret phrase combo aren’t changed, Mirai can get into the device and get it to become infected with the virus.
IoT, which stands for the Internet of Things, is just a fancy name for cool gadgets that can connect to the Internet. It doesn’t matter what kind of gadgets these things are: They can be child monitors, cars, or network switches. They can also be farming or environmental monitoring devices or home appliances like DVRs, CC cameras, headsets, or smoke alarms.
The Mirai botnet took over a hundred thousand IoT devices and used them to take down Dyn.
How to Start?
You can follow a step-by-step tutorial to learn how to use Mirai’s botnet to launch bots and make them work. Please make use of it for school.
You need a Python-based app called RouterSploit to do your modules for it. In this way, you can help grow the RouterSploit programming. Keeping RouterSploit up to date is recommended because new modules are added almost every day.
Programmers and security agencies know that switches (and other devices, such as IoT and webcams) are a good target. As you know, the CIA and NSA have a lot of contaminated switches so that they can listen in on everything without any problems. People often give their switches new firmware after they’ve been hacked. This means that the customer can’t do a firmware update at this point. “rootkitting” is what we call this. This is one of the rootkits used by the CIA and found in the WikiLeaks archives. CherryBlossom is one of them.
If the CIA and the NSA can do this, who says that hackers can’t do the same thing? It is essential to keep your router from being used to send malicious data to other people in a criminal network (proxies). So, also check your network from time to time. RouterSploit is an excellent tool for this. This isn’t the only tool out there with a GUI, but we will focus on RouterSploit.
It can be found here.
In the same way as Routersploit, Metasploit Project is a PC security project that gives information about security flaws and helps with infiltration testing and IDS signatures. Rapid7, a security company based in Boston, Massachusetts, says that this is true.
Its most famous project is the open-source Metasploit Framework, used to write and exploit code on a remote target machine. Other significant projects include the Opcode Database, the shellcode file, and further research.
The Metasploit Project includes tools against the law and ways to avoid them. Some of these tools are in the Metasploit Framework. In the Kali Linux operating system, Metasploit is already there.
The Framework has some basic steps for taking advantage of a system.
- Checking whether the intended target system is vulnerable to an exploit is an option.
- Choosing and configuring an exploit (code that enters a target system by exploiting one of its bugs; approximately 900 different exploits for Windows, Unix/Linux, and macOS systems included).
- The process of selecting and configuring a payload (code that will be executed on the target system upon successful entry; for instance, a remote shell or a VNC server). Metasploit frequently suggests a payload that should work.
- Choosing an encoding technique that removes hexadecimal opcodes known as “bad characters” from the payload will cause the exploit to fail.
- Putting the exploit into action
The Metasploit code is available on Kali Linux or here.
UFONet is free software, P2P, and cryptographic toolbox that lets you do things like DoS and DDoS attacks. You can do this on the Layer 7 (APP/HTTP) layer by using Open Redirect vectors on other sites to act as a botnet and exploiting the convention on the Layer 3 (Network) layer.
It also acts as a scrambled DarkNET to send and get content by setting up a worldwide client/server network.
Code for UFONet is here.
Conclusion & Be Cautios
Use these codes and information for educational purposes only. Don’t do anything you wouldn’t want to be done to you. I am not liable for your actions.